Sunday, October 22, 2017

Nose Aesthetic Animation Video and Before After Images - Videos



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In the above video, you can watch the "aesthetic nose surgery" which is the most frequently performed aesthetic surgery. I wanted to share this video that was published in a different source. In fact, the technical details here are briefly and roughly summarized. Explanation of how the open technique nose aesthetic surgery was done is explained beautifully. Although nasal aesthetic surgery is grouped in two as basic as open and closed technique, each technique can be subdivided into subgroups. There are also doctors who prefer some of the features of both methods. In particular, different tools and methods for grinding the nose arch, different methods for external fracture of the nasal bone (lateral osteotomy), and different methods for shaping the nose tip have been described.

In general, anatomy is the most basic and the most effective way to relieve nose functions and to reveal a nose shape that completes the face and adds additional beauty without distancing itself from the natural appearance of the face.

Links to detailed information about nasal surgery and nasal aesthetic surgery >>Rhinoplasty in Istanbul


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Murat Enoz, MD, Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgeon - ENT Doctor in Istanbul
Private Office:
Address: İncirli Cad. No:41, Kat:4 (Dilek Patisserie Building), Postal code: 34147, Bakırköy - İstanbul
Appointment Phone: +90 212 561 00 52
E-Mail: muratenoz@gmail.com
Mobile phone: +90 533 6550199
Fax: +90 212 542 74 47


We Publised A New Video of "Non Surgical Nose Job With Filler"

Non surgical nose job with filler in İstanbul, Turkey​​

We published a newer nose job with filler video. The patient who had two nasal aesthetic surgeries in different clinics and had a nasal deformity (Polly Beak Deformity) referred to us to treatment of this condition. She didn' t want to additional surgery because of experience. After the patient was massaged with local anesthetic cream on the nose skin in office conditions, we performed "nasal filling application" with cross-linked hyaluronic acid filling. You can find images before and after the process at the end of the video.

Links to find detailed information about the subject:
  • 5 Minutes Nose Job With Filler in Istanbul

  • 
    
    Non-surgical nose job - Non surgical nose job with filler - Non-surgical rhinoplasty - Nose tip filler augmentation - Non-surgical rhinoplasty - Nose filler injection - Non-surgical nose job in Istanbul -  Non-surgical nose job istanbul -   Nose filler injection Turkey
    Non-surgical nose job - Non surgical nose job with filler - Non-surgical rhinoplasty - Nose tip filler augmentation - Non-surgical rhinoplasty - Nose filler injection - Non-surgical nose job in Istanbul -  Non-surgical nose job istanbul -   Nose filler injection Turkey
    Non-surgical nose job - Non surgical nose job with filler - Non-surgical rhinoplasty - Nose tip filler augmentation - Non-surgical rhinoplasty - Nose filler injection - Non-surgical nose job in Istanbul -  Non-surgical nose job istanbul -   Nose filler injection Turkey
    Non-surgical nose job - Non surgical nose job with filler - Non-surgical rhinoplasty - Nose tip filler augmentation - Non-surgical rhinoplasty - Nose filler injection - Non-surgical nose job in Istanbul -  Non-surgical nose job istanbul -   Nose filler injection Turkey
    Non-surgical nose job - Non surgical nose job with filler - Non-surgical rhinoplasty - Nose tip filler augmentation - Non-surgical rhinoplasty - Nose filler injection - Non-surgical nose job in Istanbul -  Non-surgical nose job istanbul -   Nose filler injection Turkey
    Non-surgical nose job - Non surgical nose job with filler - Non-surgical rhinoplasty - Nose tip filler augmentation - Non-surgical rhinoplasty - Nose filler injection - Non-surgical nose job in Istanbul -  Non-surgical nose job istanbul -   Nose filler injection Turkey
    Non-surgical nose job - Non surgical nose job with filler - Non-surgical rhinoplasty - Nose tip filler augmentation - Non-surgical rhinoplasty - Nose filler injection - Non-surgical nose job in Istanbul -  Non-surgical nose job istanbul -   Nose filler injection Turkey
    Non-surgical nose job - Non surgical nose job with filler - Non-surgical rhinoplasty - Nose tip filler augmentation - Non-surgical rhinoplasty - Nose filler injection - Non-surgical nose job in Istanbul -  Non-surgical nose job istanbul -   Nose filler injection Turkey

    
    
    Non-surgical nose job - Non surgical nose job with filler - Non-surgical rhinoplasty - Nose tip filler augmentation - Non-surgical rhinoplasty - Nose filler injection - Non-surgical nose job in Istanbul -  Non-surgical nose job istanbul -   Nose filler injection Turkey
    Non-surgical nose job - Non surgical nose job with filler - Non-surgical rhinoplasty - Nose tip filler augmentation - Non-surgical rhinoplasty - Nose filler injection - Non-surgical nose job in Istanbul -  Non-surgical nose job istanbul -   Nose filler injection Turkey
    Non-surgical nose job - Non surgical nose job with filler - Non-surgical rhinoplasty - Nose tip filler augmentation - Non-surgical rhinoplasty - Nose filler injection - Non-surgical nose job in Istanbul -  Non-surgical nose job istanbul -   Nose filler injection Turkey
    Non-surgical nose job - Non surgical nose job with filler - Non-surgical rhinoplasty - Nose tip filler augmentation - Non-surgical rhinoplasty - Nose filler injection - Non-surgical nose job in Istanbul -  Non-surgical nose job istanbul -   Nose filler injection Turkey
    
    
    Non-surgical nose job - Non surgical nose job with filler - Non-surgical rhinoplasty - Nose tip filler augmentation - Non-surgical rhinoplasty - Nose filler injection - Non-surgical nose job in Istanbul -  Non-surgical nose job istanbul -   Nose filler injection Turkey
    Non-surgical nose job - Non surgical nose job with filler - Non-surgical rhinoplasty - Nose tip filler augmentation - Non-surgical rhinoplasty - Nose filler injection - Non-surgical nose job in Istanbul -  Non-surgical nose job istanbul -   Nose filler injection Turkey
    
    
    
    Non-surgical nose job - Non surgical nose job with filler - Non-surgical rhinoplasty - Nose tip filler augmentation - Non-surgical rhinoplasty - Nose filler injection - Non-surgical nose job in Istanbul -  Non-surgical nose job istanbul -   Nose filler injection Turkey
    Non-surgical nose job - Non surgical nose job with filler - Non-surgical rhinoplasty - Nose tip filler augmentation - Non-surgical rhinoplasty - Nose filler injection - Non-surgical nose job in Istanbul -  Non-surgical nose job istanbul -   Nose filler injection Turkey

    Non-surgical nose job - Non surgical nose job with filler - Non-surgical rhinoplasty - Nose tip filler augmentation - Non-surgical rhinoplasty - Nose filler injection - Non-surgical nose job in Istanbul - Non-surgical nose job istanbul - Nose filler injection Turkey
    Non-surgical nose job - Non surgical nose job with filler - Non-surgical rhinoplasty - Nose tip filler augmentation - Non-surgical rhinoplasty - Nose filler injection - Non-surgical nose job in Istanbul - Non-surgical nose job istanbul - Nose filler injection Turkey

    Non-surgical nose job - Non surgical nose job with filler - Non-surgical rhinoplasty - Nose tip filler augmentation - Non-surgical rhinoplasty - Nose filler injection - Non-surgical nose job in Istanbul - Non-surgical nose job istanbul - Nose filler injection Turkey
    Non-surgical nose job - Non surgical nose job with filler - Non-surgical rhinoplasty - Nose tip filler augmentation - Non-surgical rhinoplasty - Nose filler injection - Non-surgical nose job in Istanbul - Non-surgical nose job istanbul - Nose filler injection Turkey

    
    Non-surgical nose job - Non surgical nose job with filler - Non-surgical rhinoplasty - Nose tip filler augmentation - Non-surgical rhinoplasty - Nose filler injection - Non-surgical nose job in Istanbul - Non-surgical nose job istanbul - Nose filler injection Turkey
    Non-surgical nose job - Non surgical nose job with filler - Non-surgical rhinoplasty - Nose tip filler augmentation - Non-surgical rhinoplasty - Nose filler injection - Non-surgical nose job in Istanbul - Non-surgical nose job istanbul - Nose filler injection Turkey

    
    Non-surgical nose job - Non surgical nose job with filler - Non-surgical rhinoplasty - Nose tip filler augmentation - Non-surgical rhinoplasty - Nose filler injection - Non-surgical nose job in Istanbul - Non-surgical nose job istanbul - Nose filler injection Turkey
    Non-surgical nose job - Non surgical nose job with filler - Non-surgical rhinoplasty - Nose tip filler augmentation - Non-surgical rhinoplasty - Nose filler injection - Non-surgical nose job in Istanbul - Non-surgical nose job istanbul - Nose filler injection Turkey







    Murat Enoz, MD, Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgeon - ENT Doctor in Istanbul
    Private Office:
    Address: İncirli Cad. No:41, Kat:4 (Dilek Patisserie Building), Postal code: 34147, Bakırköy - İstanbul
    Appointment Phone: +90 212 561 00 52
    E-Mail: muratenoz@gmail.com
    Mobile phone: +90 533 6550199
    Fax: +90 212 542 74 47

    
    Non-surgical nose job - Non surgical nose job with filler - Non-surgical rhinoplasty - Nose tip filler augmentation - Non-surgical rhinoplasty - Nose filler injection - Non-surgical nose job in Istanbul -  Non-surgical nose job istanbul -   Nose filler injection Turkey
    Non-surgical nose job - Non surgical nose job with filler - Non-surgical rhinoplasty - Nose tip filler augmentation - Non-surgical rhinoplasty - Nose filler injection - Non-surgical nose job in Istanbul -  Non-surgical nose job istanbul -   Nose filler injection Turkey


    Saturday, October 21, 2017

    Recommendations for Nasal Drying and Crusting in Patients With Nasal Septum Perforation

    Nasal septum perforation - Drugs for nasal septum perforation - Treatment of Septum perforation - Precautions for nasal instillation and nasal crusting in Septum perforations - Septum perforation surgery - Septum perforation
    Nasal septum perforation - Drugs for nasal septum perforation - Treatment of septum perforation - Precautions for nasal instillation and nasal crusting in septum perforations - Septum perforation surgery - Septum perforation
    ​ 
    Nasal septum perforation is a hole in the nose septum that separates the nasal cavity into two parts. You can find detailed information about causes, treatment, and indications of nasal septum perforations in the following links.

    Patients with nasal septum perforation and large perforation increase in the nose in patients who are not suitable for surgical treatment or who do not accept surgery, and due to accelerated air flow (hyperventilation), nasal instability, nasal congestion and scab formation in the nose occur.

    Normally, these functions of the nose can not be performed as a result of each nostril turning and passing through the nostrils, the treatment, the pressurization, and the air which needs to be heated by the linear flow rapidly through the hole in the nose septum. Drying, dirty and cold air inside the nose and behind the mucous membrane areas can easily dry by infection, crusting and nose bleeding can occur.


    If you have a hole in your nasal septum and you are not considering surgery or to ensure that the nasal mucosa is healthy before surgery; you can pay attention to the following to reduce crustiness and dryness in the nose:

    • Increase daily amount of drinking water
    • Reduce the drinking of black tea, Turkish coffee and nescafe, which is a diuretic feature.
    • Do not insert napkins or fingers into the nose that may cause additional moisture loss in the nose
    • Reducing the use of allergy medicines (cortisone nose sprays, allergy pills ...) and decongestants (flu medicines and some nasal sprays) that dry the nasal mucosa
    • Regularly use epilating and oily nasal moisturizing drops or sprays that reduce moisture loss in the nasal mucosa
    • Regularly wash the nose with salty water to remove foreign particles and micropills in the nose
    • It may be appropriate to use additional nasal moisturizing medicines in areas where nasal air is dry and unnatural dry air is available (conditioned rooms, places where electric heaters are working), and cold steam machines may be used if there is no relief in complaints.
    • Avoid eating overly salty and spicy foods that could negatively affect intranasal moisture levels
    • Also pay attention to the nutritional characteristics that can positively affect the intranasal moisture level (consuming high fruit and vegetables with high water content, drinking lots of water)

    Nasal Septum Perforation


    Similar previously published links >>

    1. Perforated Nasal Septum May Facilitate the Occurrence of Atrophic Rhinitis!
    2. Symptoms, Causes and Diagnosis of Nasal Septum Perforation

    Murat Enoz, MD, Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgeon - ENT Doctor in Istanbul
    Private Office:
    Address: İncirli Cad. No:41, Kat:4 (Dilek Patisserie Building), Postal code: 34147, Bakırköy - İstanbul
    Appointment Phone: +90 212 561 00 52
    E-Mail: muratenoz@gmail.com
    Mobile phone: +90 533 6550199
    Fax: +90 212 542 74 47


    Friday, October 20, 2017

    Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment of Ear Drum Hole

    Perforated Eardrum

    
    Kulak zarı deliği belirtileri - Kulak zarı deliği ameliyatı - Kulak zarı delinmesi ameliyatı ne kadar sürer? - Kulak zarı delik olanlar damla kullanabilir mi? - Kulak zarı deliği bitkisel tedavi - Kulak zarının delik olması nelere yol açar? - Delik kulak zarı kendini yeniler mi? - Kulak zarı deliği tedavi edilmezse - Kulak zarı ameliyatı - Kulak zarı deliği kapatılması - Timpanoplasti ameliyatı - Miringoplasti ameliyatı - Kulak zarı ameliyatı tehlikeli mi? - Kulak zarı ameliyatı kaç saat sürer? - Kulak zarı ameliyatı zor mu? - Kulak zarı ameliyatı izle - Kulak zarı ameliyatında kaç gün hastanede yatılır? - Orta kulak ameliyatı kaç saat sürer? - Kulak zarı ameliyatı sonrası sigara
    Eardrum hole - Eardrum perforation - Tympanoplasty operation - The eardrum surgery - Eardrum perforation treatment - Myringoplasty operation in İstanbul - Myringoplasty operation in istanbul - Endoscopic eardrum surgery - Endoscopic myringoplasty - Endoscopic tympanoplasty surgery in Istanbul - Symptoms of perforation of the eardrum - Eardrum repair in İstanbul

    Ear hole - Important information

    • Ear rupture (ear bruising or ear bruising), eardrum or a small hole or tear (also called tympanic perforation or tympanic membrane perforation)
    • Ear infections, pressure changes and injury are common causes of eardrum perfortion
    • Most of the ruptured eardrum improves without invasive treatment and rarely causes permanent hearing loss (traumatic eardrum punctures are highly unlikely to self-seal if water is not missed), but due to firearm injuries or hot burns it is less likely to close automatically because the cells in the hole edges are worn out.)

    What is eardrum and what does it do?


    Perforated Eardrum


    The eardrum is a thin membrane that divides the middle ear and outer ear canals. This sound vibrates when the sound waves enter your ear. Vibration passes through the middle ear bones. This vibration will help you hear, because if your ears are damaged, your hearing may be affected as the surface area of ​​the sound waves will decrease. Apart from that, the ability to separate the middle ear from the outer environment by playing the barrier role in the ear can also be harmful, so ear infections in the ear can easily occur if the ears are watered.

    Reasons for eardrum perfortion


    Infection

    Ear infections are the most common cause of eardrum perfortion, especially in children. During ear infection, fluid accumulates behind the ear drum. The pressure from the fluid accumulation may cause the tympanic membrane to tear or puncture.

    Pressure changes

    Some activities can cause pressure changes in the ears and cause a punctured ear membrane. This is known as barotrauma and occurs when the pressure inside the ear is significantly different from the pressure outside the ear. The activities that can cause barotraumatic ear-hole drilling are:

    •Scubadiving
    •Airplane trip
    • Traveling by car at high altitudes
    • Shock waves
    • Direct, strong effect on the ear
    Injury or trauma

    During traumatic injuries, the ear canal may also be punctured. Any trauma next to your head or ear can cause rupture. The following are the most common traumatic causes of tearing of the ear:

    • ear hitting
    • injury during sports
    • fall on the ear
    • car accidents

    Inserting any object such as a cotton swab, nail or pen into the ear can also damage your eardrum.

    Energy from acoustic trauma or extremely loud sounds can explode the eardrum. However, these cases are not so common. A similar article link >> Traumatic Eardrum Perforations / Repairing of Small Eardrum Holes

    Eardrum perforation symptoms

    Pain is the main symptom of acute perforation of the eardrum. It may remain constant throughout the day or increase or decrease its intensity. For some, pain can be severe. At the same time in the traumatic eardrum, tinnitus and hearing loss may occur. Time-consuming, bloody or fluffy liquids can flow from the affected remote. A rupture from middle ear infection usually causes bleeding. It is more likely that these ear infections are in young children, colds or flu patients or areas with low air quality.

    There may be temporary hearing loss in the affected ear. You can experience ringing in the ears, constant ringing in the ears or buzzing or dizziness.

    If the ear canal is old, fixed hearing loss according to the size and location of the hole in the forehead, time to come from the wrist is indicated.

    Diagnosis of eardrum perforation

    The hole in the eardrum can be detected at the ear, nose and throat examination. On endoscopic or microscopic ear examinations, the size and location of the perforation of the eardrum are assessed. Hearing tests can be requested to evaluate the inner ear functions and the resulting hearing loss due to the drill hole.
    
    Eardrum hole - Eardrum perforation - Tympanoplasty operation - The eardrum surgery - Eardrum perforation treatment - Myringoplasty operation in İstanbul - Myringoplasty operation in istanbul - Endoscopic eardrum surgery - Endoscopic myringoplasty - Endoscopic tympanoplasty surgery in Istanbul - Symptoms of perforation of the eardrum - Eardrum repair in İstanbul
    Eardrum hole - Eardrum perforation - Tympanoplasty operation - The eardrum surgery - Eardrum perforation treatment - Myringoplasty operation in İstanbul - Myringoplasty operation in istanbul - Endoscopic eardrum surgery - Endoscopic myringoplasty - Endoscopic tympanoplasty surgery in Istanbul - Symptoms of perforation of the eardrum - Eardrum repair in İstanbul

    Health problems that may caused by hole in your ear?


    Perforated Eardrum


    The hole function of the ear membrane, the two main functions of the ear membrane, the hearing function and the barrier function against the middle ear infections are affected negatively by the age and the age of the hole. If the ear canal is untreated and the ear is not protected from earwax contact with the ear canal, recurrent ear infections, damage to the hearing nerves, damage to the ear canals, enlargement of the ear canal, and trapped bone eruption ball (cholesteatoma) can occur. As a result of recurrent chronic otitis media, infection can spread and tissue damage can occur, which can affect the facial nerve, cranial and jugular veins.

    Treatment of eardrum perforation

    The treatment of ear drum perforation is often designed to remove the infection from the center and prevent future infection risks.

    In the case of a newly emerged ear canal (eg traumatic ear canal puncture ...), it is sufficient to protect the ear against contact with water and is likely to heal spontaneously. In the case of water leakage from the ear to the ear after tearing of the ear, death of the cells of the tear by infections may make the ear canal permanent. I have already prepared a link to the subject of the link >> Different Products and Techniques In The Repair of Tympanic Membrane Hole
    

    Eardrum perforation - Eardrum repair - Paper patch application fro eardrum rupture

    On the above photograph, there is a photograph of the ear examination before and after the operation of the patient who has traumatic eardrum rupture and the paper patch installation process in office conditions.

    Treatment of old eardrum holes

    normal eardrum and ahole in the eardrum

    Ear surgery (ear hole repair)

    Epithelium repair is done in patients who have previously had epithelialization at the edges of the holes and have permanent permanent eardrum hole. Endoscopic tympanoplasty (endoscopic eardrum repair - transcanal endoscopic myringoplasty - endoscopic myringoplasty), microscopic or endoscopic procedures without extra incisions in the ear canal in patients who have a single ear canal pouch, endoscopic tympanoplasty). After removal of the dead epiel area at the edge of the eardrum, (de-epithelization), cartilage, cartilage glands, muscle glands or artificially introduced collagen membrane, silicone membrane, cattle pericardium can be used to spread on the eardrum. I usually prefer to take tragal cartilage, cartilage, and cartilage mebranes, which are usually in front of the ear canal in the patient's own ear cuff, which is a flat surface such as an ear gore. Approximately 1 - 1.5 cm incision is needed for this graft removal and is not seen from the outside.


    Along with the eardrum surgery, it is possible to repair the middle ear ossicular chain (ossiculoplasty) and to clean the inflamed areas in the mastoid bone (mastoidectomy operation).


    

    Eardrum hole - Eardrum perforation - Tympanoplasty operation - The eardrum surgery - Eardrum perforation treatment - Myringoplasty operation in İstanbul - Myringoplasty operation in istanbul - Endoscopic eardrum surgery - Endoscopic myringoplasty - Endoscopic tympanoplasty surgery in Istanbul - Symptoms of perforation of the eardrum - Eardrum repair in İstanbul - Paper patch application - Transcanal endoscopic myringoplasty
    Eardrum hole - Eardrum perforation - Tympanoplasty operation - The eardrum surgery - Eardrum perforation treatment - Myringoplasty operation in İstanbul - Myringoplasty operation in istanbul - Endoscopic eardrum surgery - Endoscopic myringoplasty - Endoscopic tympanoplasty surgery in Istanbul - Symptoms of perforation of the eardrum - Eardrum repair in İstanbul - Paper patch application - Transcanal endoscopic myringoplasty


    Links you can find detailed information about eardrum surgery >> Ear Drum Repair (Tympanoplasty / Myringoplasty) in Istanbul

    Drug treatment

    It is generally recommended that only the ear protects from water and that simple antibiotic ear drops are used in acute ear infections. "Can those who have ear holes use drops?" as a response to the question "you can not give another drop or product prepared at home except your sterile ear drops which your doctor has examined". In the case of an acute ear rupture or an eardrum explosion, it is sufficient to expect only that the ear is dry and protected against water. Do not drop a product sold on the internet environment without consulting your doctor as "herbal treatment of ear piercing". In a sudden ear canal puncture, a non-sterile olive oil, garlic juice (very painful), glycerin, oxygenated water containing an earwax cleaner product may cause an ear ulcer infection, causing the ear hole to become permanent.

    In patients with old holes in the eardrum, no medication or home-made product will be sufficient to close your hole in the lower right. Surgery may result in simple ear canals that can be closed with simple procedures, non-sterile drops of drips, structural changes in the middle ear, chronic middle ear infections, and even more difficult operation. Endoscopic repair of simple ear canal holes, which have recently become widespread, is frequently preferred by patients.

    Eardrum repair surgery technique

    Ear canal surgery can be done by endoscopic and microscopic methods. Ear canal surgery done by placing the bucket in front of the ear bucket and cutting it along the length of the incision is only possible if there is a mastoidectomy surgery and a case where the ear canal is located too far in front. Healing is much quicker and patient complaints are much less after ear surgery, which is performed microscopically or endoscopically without incision in the ear canal.

    Is the eardrum surgery dangerous?

    The facial risk and other risks associated with simple ear canal surgery are much less than the risks of mastoidectomy operations involving inflammation clearing and bone canal enlargement from the middle ear and periphery. There is a belief among all the public that all ear surgery is risky. There are frequent questions in this direction ...

    How many hours needed for your eardrum surgery? (How long will it take for the eardrum repair?)

    Depending on the technique used and the location and size of the hole, ear surgery usually takes between 30 minutes and 2 hours.

    Is it difficult to do eardrum surgery?

    Ear canal surgery, which is done with only a hole in the eardrum and is accompanied by minimal tissue damage done in patients with no middle ear or inflammation and ossicular chain damage, is easy and risks are low. making it difficult and complicated.

    Watch eardrum surgery

    Apart from the simple earlobes animation above, you can also watch the following "animation of tympanoplasty surgery":
    
    Eardrum surgery in Istanbul

    How many days do you spend at the hospital in your ear surgery?

    After simple eardrum surgery such as endoscopic ear repair or trankanal myringoplasty, it is safe to expect the anesthetic effect to pass, that is, the patient is discharged after 4 hours after the operation. After larger ear surgery, it is usually enough for the patient to stay in the hospital for 1 day.


    Cigarette smoking after eardrum surgery

    After ear surgery, cigarettes have different mechanisms that affect the success of surgery and middle ear health negatively. The negative effects of cigarette on ear operations can be listed as follows:
    • the effect of nicotine on reducing tissue size by reducing blood vessel volume and reducing blood flow
    • the direct adverse effect of carbon monoxide in cigarette on wound healing
    • the adverse effect of cigarette particles on the nasal cavity, which is the main structure responsible for the ventilation of the middle ear, is affected by different mechanisms (swelling of the lymph nodes in the tail tube, increased nosocomial infections and facilitation of microorganism escape in the middle ear). You can find detailed information on the link >> Perforated Eardrum - Definition, Causes, Symptoms, Treatment

    ​Endoscopic Eardrum Repair Video




    Source links:

  • Eardrum repair: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia
  • Ruptured Eardrum: Symptoms, Treatments, and Recovery
  • Perforated eardrum - Surgery - NHS Choices
  • Overview - Ruptured eardrum (perforated eardrum) - Mayo Clinic
  • Perforated Eardrum | American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and ...
  • Eardrum Rupture: Causes, Symptoms & Treatments - Healthline


  • Murat Enoz, MD, Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgeon - ENT Doctor in Istanbul
    Private Office:
    Address: İncirli Cad. No:41, Kat:4 (Dilek Patisserie Building), Postal code: 34147, Bakırköy - İstanbul
    Appointment Phone: +90 212 561 00 52
    E-Mail: muratenoz@gmail.com
    Mobile phone: +90 533 6550199
    Fax: +90 212 542 74 47


    In Which Situations Is Paranasal Sinus Tomography Required Before The Nasal Surgery?



    ​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​
    How is Computerized Tomography (CT) taken?

    It uses ionizing radiation (Xrays) to make CT images. The patient lies on a flat table and is placed appropriately for special examination. The table moves back and forth along the Xray generating part of the machine to collect the information. The acquired information is transmitted to a computer that interprets the signal and transforms the organ into multiple image segments. The sequential accumulation of these slices is assessed by specific cross-sections of the particular body part viewed for interpretation.

    Indications for Paranasal Sinus Tomography

    Although paranasal sinus tomography is an imaging tool that provides excellent detail about the bone structure of the nose and sinuses, it is not right to request a tomography before all of the product operations. Tomography is done by using radiation and it can cause cumulative effect to repeat at frequent intervals (shorter than 2 months). CT of paranasal sinuses can be used for many conditions such as congenital anomalies, neoplasm of sinuses or nasal passages, nasal polyps, facial trauma, acute and chronic inflammation, nose bleeds.

    The main indication for paranasal sinus tomography should be preoperative planning in some surgeries related to anatomy, disease prevalence and nasal obstruction. The use of CT scans for disease assessment does not generally change the course of treatment.

    Concerns about exposure to ionizing radiation are particularly relevant, especially in the pediatric population, when tissue sensitivity and cumulative effect is considered in the lifetime of repeated examinations.

    Computerized tomography is not recommended as part of a routine review; some guidelines state that it is the preferred imaging option for cases with severe illness, immunosuppressed condition or suspected complications and characterization.

    For example, sinus tomography is not accurate for the purpose of research for simple deviated septum correction surgery or prior to nasal surgery (which can easily be assessed by nasal endoscopic examination). Paranasal sinus tomography is performed in cases where there is mass in the nose, presence of treatment resistant sinusitis, facial pain which can not be explained by clinical examination and nasal polyposis, or in cases where the patient is not fully evaluated by endoscopic examination.


    Chronic Sinusitis With Nasal Polyposis

    Chronic Sinusitis and Nasal Polyposis

    Chronic Sinusitis and Nasal Polyposis

    Chronic Sinusitis and Nasal Polyposis


    Retention cyst, commonly known as mucous retention cyst, is a small sac full of mucus that occurs as a result of the blockage of the mucus channel from mucus, i.e., the slimy fluid in the body. Retention cyst (mucous retention cyst) occurs in different regions of our body such as the maxillary sinuses, vocal cords, lips, larynx, salivary gland and paranasal sinuses. The retention cyst in the maxillary sinuses does not show any symptoms. Usually this type of cyst does not require any treatment, but if it often leads to sinus problems, nasal surgery may be required to remove the cyst and prevent relapse.

    The Mucous Retention Cyst of The Maxillary Sinus

    The Mucous Retention Cyst of The Maxillary Sinus

    The Mucous Retention Cyst of The Maxillary Sinus

    The Mucous Retention Cyst of The Maxillary Sinus

    The Mucous Retention Cyst of The Maxillary Sinus

    The Mucous Retention Cyst of The Maxillary Sinus

    The Mucous Retention Cyst of The Maxillary Sinus

    The Mucous Retention Cyst of The Maxillary Sinus

    Sinusitis refers to the inflammation of a sinus, and inflammation of the nose indicates inflammation of the nasal mucous membrane. The proximity between the sinus cavities and the nasal passages as well as the common airway epithelium causes frequent simultaneous retention of both structures (such as with viral infections). Given the difficulties of distinguishing between deep statements and their contribution to symptoms, rhinosinusitis is often used to describe this simultaneous participation. Rhinosinusitis means inflammation of the nasal cavities and sinuses. Bacteria are called rhinosinusitis when inflammation is due to bacterial infection. It is still not true to have the first platinum tomography taken to diagnose patients with sinusitis. Though tomography can be obtained in the presence of clinical signs that can not be answered with medical care and are increasing with fever; this is a very rare condition and usually results in a decrease in symptoms with intensive nasal washing with saline, fluid consumption and the use of an anti-inflammatory drug. In the event of recurrent sinusitis, it may be necessary to perform tomography again.

    Nasal Bone Spur Formation


    With today's developing technology, navigation-assisted surgical procedures can be performed in some endoscopic sinus surgery and pituitary gland operations using thin-sectioned tomography sections.

    Computed tomography is the gold standard for the diagnosis of sinonasal lesions or for the radiological examination of the paranasal sinuses before and after surgery.



    Source links:

  • Restricting Indications for Sinonasal Computed Tomography in Children With Cystic Fibrosis
  • Rhinosinusitis diagnosis and management for the clinician: a synopsis of recent consensus guidelines
  • Computed tomography stage, allergy testing, and quality of life in patients with sinusitis
  • Canadian clinical practice guidelines for acute and chronic rhinosinusitis
  • RIC - Patient - CT Paranasal Sinuses
  • Computed tomography anatomy of the paranasal sinuses and ...


  • Murat Enoz, MD, Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgeon - ENT Doctor in Istanbul
    Private Office:
    Address: İncirli Cad. No:41, Kat:4 (Dilek Patisserie Building), Postal code: 34147, Bakırköy - İstanbul
    Appointment Phone: +90 212 561 00 52
    E-Mail: muratenoz@gmail.com
    Mobile phone: +90 533 6550199
    Fax: +90 212 542 74 47


    Who is Required for Tonsil and Adenoid Surgery?

    Adenoidectomy (Adenoid Removal Surgery)

    
    Who is eligible for tonsillectomy? - Indications of tonsillectomy - Indications of adenoidectomy operation - Growth of adenoid tissue - Tonsillectomy - Adenoidectomy - Who needs tonsillectomy? - Tonsillectomy indications - Indications for adenoidectomy - Should adenoid be taken? - Should tonsils be taken? - Tonsillectomy in İstanbul - Adenoidectomy in İstanbul - Tonsil removal in Turkey
    Who is eligible for tonsillectomy? - Indications of tonsillectomy - Indications of adenoidectomy operation - Growth of adenoid tissue - Tonsillectomy - Adenoidectomy - Who needs tonsillectomy? - Tonsillectomy indications - Indications for adenoidectomy - Should adenoid be taken? - Should tonsils be taken? - Tonsillectomy in İstanbul - Adenoidectomy in İstanbul - Tonsil removal in Turkey
     
    Tonsils and adenoids are members of the lymphoid structure in the throat area and defense system against the microbe. Tonsils produce the types of white blood cells that fight against certain diseases. For this reason, the immune system of the tonsils is thought to be the first defense line role against bacteria and viruses entering the mouth. This function can leave them particularly vulnerable to infection and inflammation. The problem is more common in children because the immune system functions of the tonsils are most active before puberty. Moreover, unlike an adult immune system, a child's system is less exposed to bacteria and viruses and has not yet developed immunity. Microbes can be an exaggerated response, and in children, naturally adenoid and tonsils can grow much more easily than adults.

    Tonsillectomy (tonsillectomy) can be roughly required for the following reasons:
    • Recurrent, chronic or severe tonsillitis
    • Complications of enlarged tonsils
    • Bleeding of tonsils
    • Other rare diseases of tonsils (tonsil cancer)


    If there are frequent ongoing tonsillitis attacks, humiliating the tonsillectomy:

    • For one year 7 more than tonsillitis is attack

    • Each year, two years, five more than tonsillitis is attack
    • Each year, three years, three more than tonsillitis is attack

    
    
    Who is eligible for tonsillectomy? - Indications of tonsillectomy - Indications of adenoidectomy operation - Growth of adenoid tissue - Tonsillectomy - Adenoidectomy - Who needs tonsillectomy? - Tonsillectomy indications - Indications for adenoidectomy - Should adenoid be taken? - Should tonsils be taken? - Tonsillectomy in İstanbul - Adenoidectomy in İstanbul - Tonsil removal in Turkey
    Who is eligible for tonsillectomy? - Indications of tonsillectomy - Indications of adenoidectomy operation - Growth of adenoid tissue - Tonsillectomy - Adenoidectomy - Who needs tonsillectomy? - Tonsillectomy indications - Indications for adenoidectomy - Should adenoid be taken? - Should tonsils be taken? - Tonsillectomy in İstanbul - Adenoidectomy in İstanbul - Tonsil removal in Turkey

    The procedure can also be suggested in the following situations:

    • Tonsillitis-forming bacterial infection does not improve with antibiotic therapy

    • Tonsils abscess (peritonsillary abscess - an infection, drug treatment or drainage procedure that results in an infusion of inflammation behind the tonsil, or recurrence).


    Health problems due to enlarged tonsils:


    After frequent or ongoing infections, the tonsils may grow or be naturally large. As the tonsils grow; tonsil operation can be used to treat the following problems:


    • Respiratory distress

    • Respiratory disturbance during sleep

    • Swallowing difficulty

    
    
    
    Who is eligible for tonsillectomy? - Indications of tonsillectomy - Indications of adenoidectomy operation - Growth of adenoid tissue - Tonsillectomy - Adenoidectomy - Who needs tonsillectomy? - Tonsillectomy indications - Indications for adenoidectomy - Should adenoid be taken? - Should tonsils be taken? - Tonsillectomy in İstanbul - Adenoidectomy in İstanbul - Tonsil removal in Turkey
    Who is eligible for tonsillectomy? - Indications of tonsillectomy - Indications of adenoidectomy operation - Growth of adenoid tissue - Tonsillectomy - Adenoidectomy - Who needs tonsillectomy? - Tonsillectomy indications - Indications for adenoidectomy - Should adenoid be taken? - Should tonsils be taken? - Tonsillectomy in İstanbul - Adenoidectomy in İstanbul - Tonsil removal in Turkey

    Tonsillectomy can also be used to treat other rare diseases or conditions of tonsils:

    • One or both tonsils of cancerous tissue
    • Repeated bleeding in the blood vessels on the surface of tonsils
    ​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​
    
    
    Who is eligible for tonsillectomy? - Indications of tonsillectomy - Indications of adenoidectomy operation - Growth of adenoid tissue - Tonsillectomy - Adenoidectomy - Who needs tonsillectomy? - Tonsillectomy indications - Indications for adenoidectomy - Should adenoid be taken? - Should tonsils be taken? - Tonsillectomy in İstanbul - Adenoidectomy in İstanbul - Tonsil removal in Turkey
    Who is eligible for tonsillectomy? - Indications of tonsillectomy - Indications of adenoidectomy operation - Growth of adenoid tissue - Tonsillectomy - Adenoidectomy - Who needs tonsillectomy? - Tonsillectomy indications - Indications for adenoidectomy - Should adenoid be taken? - Should tonsils be taken? - Tonsillectomy in İstanbul - Adenoidectomy in İstanbul - Tonsil removal in Turkey
    Indications for adenoidectomy operation

    
    
    Who is eligible for tonsillectomy? - Indications of tonsillectomy - Indications of adenoidectomy operation - Growth of adenoid tissue - Tonsillectomy - Adenoidectomy - Who needs tonsillectomy? - Tonsillectomy indications - Indications for adenoidectomy - Should adenoid be taken? - Should tonsils be taken? - Tonsillectomy in İstanbul - Adenoidectomy in İstanbul - Tonsil removal in Turkey
    Who is eligible for tonsillectomy? - Indications of tonsillectomy - Indications of adenoidectomy operation - Growth of adenoid tissue - Tonsillectomy - Adenoidectomy - Who needs tonsillectomy? - Tonsillectomy indications - Indications for adenoidectomy - Should adenoid be taken? - Should tonsils be taken? - Tonsillectomy in İstanbul - Adenoidectomy in İstanbul - Tonsil removal in Turkey 
    Adenoidectomy (adenoids surgery) is a surgical procedure in which the adenoids removed. Adenoids  are lymphoid tissue behind the nose. They are not generally understood by physicians who are not experts in the otolaryngology because they are not observed during routine physical examination due to their location. Although the adenoids are the same as the tonsils of the tissue, the diseases associated with infected adenoids differ from their location in relation to the tonsils (nasal obstruction, mouth open sleep, recurrent sinusitis attacks and middle ear inflammation attacks ...).
    
    
    Who is eligible for tonsillectomy? - Indications of tonsillectomy - Indications of adenoidectomy operation - Growth of adenoid tissue - Tonsillectomy - Adenoidectomy - Who needs tonsillectomy? - Tonsillectomy indications - Indications for adenoidectomy - Should adenoid be taken? - Should tonsils be taken? - Tonsillectomy in İstanbul - Adenoidectomy in İstanbul - Tonsil removal in Turkey
    Who is eligible for tonsillectomy? - Indications of tonsillectomy - Indications of adenoidectomy operation - Growth of adenoid tissue - Tonsillectomy - Adenoidectomy - Who needs tonsillectomy? - Tonsillectomy indications - Indications for adenoidectomy - Should adenoid be taken? - Should tonsils be taken? - Tonsillectomy in İstanbul - Adenoidectomy in İstanbul - Tonsil removal in Turkey
    Adenoidectomy is usually performed together with other surgical procedures (eg, tonsillectomy, insertion of tympanostomy tubes). In fact, in the majority of the 20th century, tonsillectomy was often performed with adenoidectomy. Despite more than 50 years of research, some debates are still linked to indications for adenoidectomy. Tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy were performed by appointment, especially early in the 1900's, with tonsils and adenoids being considered infectious reservoirs causing a wide variety of diseases.

    
    
    Who is eligible for tonsillectomy? - Indications of tonsillectomy - Indications of adenoidectomy operation - Growth of adenoid tissue - Tonsillectomy - Adenoidectomy - Who needs tonsillectomy? - Tonsillectomy indications - Indications for adenoidectomy - Should adenoid be taken? - Should tonsils be taken? - Tonsillectomy in İstanbul - Adenoidectomy in İstanbul - Tonsil removal in Turkey
    Who is eligible for tonsillectomy? - Indications of tonsillectomy - Indications of adenoidectomy operation - Growth of adenoid tissue - Tonsillectomy - Adenoidectomy - Who needs tonsillectomy? - Tonsillectomy indications - Indications for adenoidectomy - Should adenoid be taken? - Should tonsils be taken? - Tonsillectomy in İstanbul - Adenoidectomy in İstanbul - Tonsil removal in Turkey


    Adenoid hypertrophy

    In the above image, the adenoids seen as a small piece of tissue on the right are on the posterior nasopharyngeal wall behind the nasal cavity shown below (located on the posterior wall of the nasopharynx lying behind the adenoid nasal cavity). They develop from subepithelial lymphocyte infiltration at 16 weeks of gestation.

    These are components of the Waldeyer's ring lymphoid tissue, composed of the oropharynx and nasopharyngeal lymphoid tissue lineage, and especially composed of adenoids, palatine tonsils and lingual tonsils.

    Adenoids are seen at birth and then grow up. Individuals with tonsils continue to grow up to the age of 5-7. Adenoids become symptomatic with snoring, nasal airway obstruction, and shortness of breath during sleep, usually when children 18-24 months of age are admitted. Adenoids usually begin to shrink as children reach school age, and when they arrive before or during adolescence, adenoids are often small enough for the child to become asymptomatic.

    Adenoids can be infected and contain pathogenic bacteria that can cause ear, nose and sinus diseases.
    
    
    Who is eligible for tonsillectomy? - Indications of tonsillectomy - Indications of adenoidectomy operation - Growth of adenoid tissue - Tonsillectomy - Adenoidectomy - Who needs tonsillectomy? - Tonsillectomy indications - Indications for adenoidectomy - Should adenoid be taken? - Should tonsils be taken? - Tonsillectomy in İstanbul - Adenoidectomy in İstanbul - Tonsil removal in Turkey
    Who is eligible for tonsillectomy? - Indications of tonsillectomy - Indications of adenoidectomy operation - Growth of adenoid tissue - Tonsillectomy - Adenoidectomy - Who needs tonsillectomy? - Tonsillectomy indications - Indications for adenoidectomy - Should adenoid be taken? - Should tonsils be taken? - Tonsillectomy in İstanbul - Adenoidectomy in İstanbul - Tonsil removal in Turkey

     The indications for adenoidectomy are as follows:
     
    • Growing of adenoid tissue (obstructive breathing, obstructive sleep apnea) and causing nasal airway obstruction that can lead to chronic mouth breathing (can cause dental structural disorders involving palatal and dental care)

    • Repetitive or permanent otitis media in children

    • Recurrent and / or chronic sinusitis

    I would like to share with you a paragraph in the source that briefly summarizes the indications for tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy:

    "Absolute indications for tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy, adenotonsillary hyperplasia with obstructive sleep apnea (growth of tonsils and nipples), failure to develop or abnormal dentofacial growth, malignant disease suspicion (cancer suspect), and haemorrhagic tonsillitis (for tonsillectomy). indications are adenotonsillary hyperplasia and halitosis with upper airway obstruction, dysphagia or speech impairment, otitis media and recurrent or chronic rhinosinusitis or adenoiditis are relatively indications for adenoidectomy but not indications for tonsillectomy Recurrent or chronic mousengotonsillitis, Streptococcus is relative (relative) indications for tonsillectomy but not an indication for adenoidectomy. "

     
    
    Who is eligible for tonsillectomy? - Indications of tonsillectomy - Indications of adenoidectomy operation - Growth of adenoid tissue - Tonsillectomy - Adenoidectomy - Who needs tonsillectomy? - Tonsillectomy indications - Indications for adenoidectomy - Should adenoid be taken? - Should tonsils be taken? - Tonsillectomy in İstanbul - Adenoidectomy in İstanbul - Tonsil removal in Turkey
    Who is eligible for tonsillectomy? - Indications of tonsillectomy - Indications of adenoidectomy operation - Growth of adenoid tissue - Tonsillectomy - Adenoidectomy - Who needs tonsillectomy? - Tonsillectomy indications - Indications for adenoidectomy - Should adenoid be taken? - Should tonsils be taken? - Tonsillectomy in İstanbul - Adenoidectomy in İstanbul - Tonsil removal in Turkey

    Tonsils, tonsillectomy Thermal welding bloodless and bladeless technique, adenoid hypertrophy, adenoid surgery, you can find detailed information on the following links:

    Source and suggested links:

  • Tonsillectomy - Mayo Clinic
  • Tonsillectomy Procedure: Tonsil Removal & Recovery Time
  • Adenoidectomy: Background, History of the Procedure, Epidemiology
  • Indications for tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy. - NCBI
  • Adenoidectomy; a good operation with clear indications. | The BMJ
  • Adenoidectomy Operation in İstanbul, Turkey
  • Tonsillectomy and Postoperative Patient Care Points
    

  • Murat Enoz, MD, Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgeon - ENT Doctor in Istanbul
    Private Office:
    Address: İncirli Cad. No:41, Kat:4 (Dilek Patisserie Building), Postal code: 34147, Bakırköy - İstanbul
    Appointment Phone: +90 212 561 00 52
    E-Mail: muratenoz@gmail.com
    Mobile phone: +90 533 6550199
    Fax: +90 212 542 74 47