Showing posts with label Covid-19. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Covid-19. Show all posts

Monday, August 10, 2020

When Will The Coronavirus Outbreak End?

When Will The Covid-19 Infection and Its Spread End?


When Will The Coronavirus Outbreak End?


The Coronavirus outbreak has negatively affected every aspect of our lives in Türkiye for over 7 months. After emerging in Wuhan, China, the Coronavirus outbreak, which first spread to Europe and then to other continents, continues to affect all peoples of the world as of March 11, 2020, our country is fighting with great dedication. Our citizens, who are trying to follow the advice of experts as best they can to protect themselves from coronavirus, are wondering when the Coronavirus outbreak will end. With the course of the corona virus outbreak, positive developments are taking place in our country. Starting in mid-April, the downward movement of the table brought about normalization steps. From 1 June 2020, many restrictions were removed and steps were taken in the name of normalization.

Those seeking answers to the question of when the Coronavirus outbreak ends have turned their hopes to the vaccine to be found. The World Health Organization (who) has given bad news to those who expect hope. The corona virus will not disappear completely, said WHO member Dr. Mike Ryan explained about the new type of coronavirus that “in the current situation we are unlikely to eliminate this virus.”

The corona virus, which has cost nearly 570 thousand lives worldwide and negatively affects us in almost all areas of our lives, continues to take lives and spread throughout the world. Science has little argument against the new type of coronavirus. The vaccine against the Covid-19 virus is still ongoing, and there is still no mention of a one hundred percent effective vaccine against Corona.

Will the Coronavirus Outbreak Be Over?


Those who wonder when the Coronavirus outbreak will end, when it will be completely out of our lives, are locked in the explanations made by scientists. But scientists can't say for now something positive that the virus will come out in our lives, that life will return to its old norm. On the contrary, it is predicted that the new type of corona virus will not be able to completely disappear. The answer to the question is when the Coronavirus outbreak ends. It's from Mike Ryan.

World Health Organization officials said the virus could not be completely eradicated.

Speaking at an online briefing “We're unlikely to eliminate this virus in the current situation,” Mike Ryan said.

Second Wave Warning


Ryan noted that the world could survive a second wave or a second outbreak by complying with social distance rules and creating appropriate quarantine conditions.

Previous World Health Organization Statement on The Issue


As the world sought remedy for the cornavirus outbreak, the critical explanation came from the World Health Organization. Who chief scientist Soumya Swaminathan said it could take 5 years to get control of the coronavirus (Covid-19).Efforts to find both vaccines and medicines against the coronavirus, which affects the world, are under way.

The World Health Organization (who) has been critical of the issue. ​Speaking at a news conference via video conference, who chief scientist Soumya Swaminathan said it could take 4-5 years to get the coronavirus under control.

The most common symptoms of coronavirus are high fever, severe fatigue, shortness of breath and dry cough. While the majority of those caught may recover spontaneously without the need for treatment, some cases of Covid-19 can lead to death.

Infectious diseases specialist Professor Dr. Bülent Ertuğrul, said that "the general rule in infectious diseases, you become immune to the disease, or you become immune to a vaccine is a vaccine is made without them, the outbreak can't be said to be over" . Professor Dr. Bülent Ertuğrul, said: " in order to ensure social immunity, 70 percent of society needs to be infected. If the vaccine is to be found and used, it is predicted that there is a long process ahead of us. It has to wait until January 2021. We can catch the second wave in the fall, which could be stronger than the first wave. Loosening means that the epidemic spread rapidly in the social sense during this period. We have the outbreak under control, but we haven't finished it yet, the outbreak is not over until we have a vaccine, or until we have a cure for it, we won't be able to say that we have finished it completely".

You can look to COVID-19 pandemic data at >> https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Template:COVID-19_pandemic_data

Monday, August 3, 2020

Corona Dogs at Work in Chile!

Dogs Are Being Used to Detect Infected People With Covid-19 in Chile!





Corona Dogs at Work in Chile!
Police dogs are being trained in Chile to open public areas such as sports centres, airports and shopping malls. The dogs are thought to have picked up the scent of covid-19 patients.

Public areas in Chile, where the new center of the Corona virus is located on the South American continent, have been closed for some time.

Authorities in the country are using an interesting method as part of the normalization steps.
According to Fernando Mardones, an episothiologist in Chile, dogs can detect the scent of corona virus patients.

Dogs in the country are being trained to detect corona virus patients. These dogs are intended to function in crowded areas such as shopping malls, gyms and airports.

Four puppies are being trained in the initial phase of the project. Corona virus patients are thought to sweat and leave a special smell because of the symptoms they experience.

The trained dogs are intended to pick up the scent and alert the police.

Chilean police are training sniffer dogs to detect coronavirus in people's sweat at an early stage, after a similar trial in the UK yielded encouraging results.

They are trained at the Chilean Carabineros ' specialist training base in the capital Santiago.
Sniffer dogs are best known for detecting drugs, explosives and humans, but are also trained to detect diseases such as malaria, cancer and Parkinson's disease.

Lt. Col. Cristian Acevedo Yanez, director of the police special training school, said dogs have more than three million olfactory receptors - more than 50 times that of humans - so they are uniquely placed to help fight coronavirus. He said dogs could play a critical role as Chile tries to slowly reopen its schools and stores and bring people back to work.

Julio Santelices, a member of the Chilean police, said that while a dog can smell 250 people an hour, places like stadiums, schools, restaurants would be opened first.

More than 19 million people live in the South American country of Chile. So far, more than 336 thousand Covid-19 cases in the country, while more than 8,700 people have died.
Chile is one of the countries with the highest number of Covid-19 cases compared to the population.

Video source >> The Telegraph

Do You Have Covid-19 Infection?

How Do I Know If I Have Coronavirus?




coronavirus
You can watch for signs of coronavirus infection in the video above. If you think you have these symptoms, it is appropriate to see a doctor.

Video source >> BBC News

Sunday, August 2, 2020

Five Best Face Masks For Virus Protection 2020

5 Different Face Masks and Features





Video source >> Future Gear

Face Masks
The above video shows the features of 5 frequently used medical face masks. It should be noted that the most important tool in the outbreak of Covid-19 is "protection". The mask is generally described as an equipment that protects people against emerging elements of physical, chemical and biological structures such as dust, particulates and particulates.

Masks are roughly divided into two types: the first of which is surgical (medical) masks, and the other is respiratory protective masks.

Surgical masks are among the protective equipment that health workers use during surgical interventions to prevent them from infecting patients or patients themselves. Respiratory system protective masks are used to ensure job security in other areas as well as in the health sector. Dust masks with FFP classification and protective masks with N Code are also included in this category.

When entering the areas of patients suspected or diagnosed as carrying Covid-19, it is recommended to wear a surgical mask; intubation through the windpipe, wearing a nonivasive ventilator (respirator) and wearing a respiratory protective mask during interventions such as CPR.

Medics are being advised to wear masks as well as full sets of protective equipment such as gowns, glasses and visors when intervening in patients whose condition is more serious and who are being treated in intensive care units.Surgical masks are one of the most troublesome protective equipment in supply, with Covid-19 disease affecting hundreds of thousands of people at the same time.

Many organizations and states, especially the who, have issued recommendations on wearing masks in public areas, saying that the priority in the use of surgical masks should be health workers, not the general public. When it comes to infection control in the health field, more particulate filter masks are preferred. These masks also have different types and accordingly different levels of protection. The protective levels of the masks are classified by the letters FFP or N. FFP, which consists of the initials of the term "filtering facepiece" in English, represents the classification adopted by the European Union and is divided into three categories: 1, 2, 3.

The protection of FFP masks is defined as follows in the Ministry of Health's National Microbiology Standards Laboratory Safety Guide:

"FFP1 reduces the risk of infection 4 times, FFP2 10 times and FFP3 20 times when used under appropriate conditions. In other words, their filtering efficiency is 80 percent, 94 percent, and 99.97 percent, respectively, for FFP1, 2, and 3. There is no difference in protection between valves and non-respirators. Those with valves are a little easier to breathe and glasses are used with the glasses are less steamed".

The type N categorization is carried out according to the standards set by the US and therefore differs from the EU. According to the standard set in the United States, N - "not to resistant to oil", meaning not oil resistant, and masks used for medical purposes are in this category.

In the laboratory safety guide, " these are referred to as N95, N99 and N100 according to their filtering activity. As predicted, N95 respirators 'filtering efficiency is 95 percent, N99 is 99 percent, N100 is 100 percent.

The WHO recommends that the masks that health workers will use should be at least in the N95 or FFP2 category. 

What is a Nano mask?

With the outbreak of Covid-19, the world's supply of masks is far from meeting demand, while medical and respiratory protective masks are disposable and lose their filter properties when they come into contact with water, prompting scientists to seek more durable solutions.

There are reports that masks with nano-filtering technology have been developed recently, especially in Asia. A group of scientists from the Korea Institute of Advanced Science and technology, based in South Korea, announced in March that they had developed a mask with nano-filtering capability that could be used by washing up to 20 times.

This mask contains a filtering technology made of "nanofibers with a diameter of 100-150 nanometers vertically or in one direction" and the Institute patented this technology. A similar mask was also developed in Shanghai, China. Sales of these masks, which have Nano-filtering technology and can be used for up to 20 washes, have recently started in China.


COVID-19: What Happens if a Coronavirus Infects You?

Coronavirus Infection Anination




Video source: Nucleus Medical Media

What is Coronavirus?


Coronavirus
Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that can cause disease in animals or humans. Several previously common coronavirus are known to cause colds, ranging from Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and more severe diseases such as Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). The most recently discovered coronavirus causes covid-19 disease. This new virus and disease was unknown before the outbreak began in Wuhan, China, in December 2019. It was a virus group known to microbiologists since 1960 until the 2000s, but not so much because it made diseases in animals. Until 2002. In 2002, the world recognized and bitterly recognized it as a virus that also infects humans because it caused a rapid respiratory infection, as you all know, SARS.


What are the symptoms of Covid-19 disease?


The most common symptoms of COVID-19 are fever, fatigue and dry cough. Some patients may have nasal congestion, runny nose, sore throat, or diarrhea. These symptoms are usually mild and begin slowly. Although some people are infected, they may not develop any symptoms. Most people (about 80%) recover from the disease without needing special treatment. About 1 out of every 6 people who take COVID-19 are seriously ill and have difficulty breathing. Older people and those with underlying medical problems such as high blood pressure, heart problems or diabetes are more likely to develop serious illness. People with a fever, cough and difficulty breathing should seek medical attention.
COVID-19 affects different people in different ways. Most infected people develop mild to moderate symptoms and recover from hospitalization.

Most common symptoms:
  • fever
  • dry cough
  • tired

Less common symptoms:
  • ache and pain
  • throat ache
  • diarrhea
  • conjunctivitis
  • headache
  • ltat retrieval or loss of sense of smell
  • skin rash or discoloration of hands or toes

Severe symptoms:
  • difficulty breathing or shortness of breath
  • chest pain or pressure in the chest
  • loss of speech or movement

If you are showing serious symptoms, seek medical attention immediately. Make sure to call your doctor or healthcare provider before visiting.

People with mild symptoms and no other health problems should spend the treatment process at home.
People infected with the virus begin to show symptoms within an average of 5-6 days. However, this period can take up to 14 days.

How is coronaviruses transmitted?


The disease can spread from person to person through small droplets or mouth that spread to the medium when a person with COVID-19 coughs or exhales. These droplets fall on objects and surfaces around the person. They catch the virus when other people touch their eyes, nose or mouth after contact with these objects or surfaces. People can also get COVID-19 disease if they breathe in droplets from a person coughing or exhaling covid-19s. This is why it is important to stay more than 1 meter away from a person who is sick. Studies to date show that the virus that causes COVID-19 is transmitted mainly through contact rather than through air transport.

Can COVID-19 be transmitted from people who have no complaints?


The risk of catching COVID-19 from a person with no symptoms is very low. However, many people with COVID-19 experience only mild symptoms. This is especially true in the early stages of the disease. Therefore, it is possible to catch COVID-19, for example, from someone who has a mild cough and does not feel sick.

How can you tell the difference from flu or cold?


2019-in nCoV infection, respiratory complaints such as fever, cough and runny nose are often seen, as in flu or cold. While many gripes are similar, these diseases are caused by different viruses. Because of their similarities, it can be difficult to identify the disease solely on the basis of complaints. So laboratory tests are required to verify whether someone has 2019-nCoV.

Sunday, April 12, 2020

Lung Sounds of Coronavirus (COVID-19)

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Infection





SARS-CoV, a virus that emerged as a previously unknown virus in 2003 as the first international health emergency of the 21st century and caused hundreds of people to die, was isolated as a disease factor in the 1960s and was a disease agent in humans and animals.

Covid-19 Revealed itself in the Recent Years

The virus named MERS-CoV (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus), which has not been previously present in humans or animals from the coronavirus family, has manifested itself in Saudi Arabia for the first time in 10 years as a source of severe infection. Coronaviruses can be classified into four main types. They can be found in human, bat, pig, cat, dog, rodent and poultry domestic and wild animals as alpha-, beta-, gamma- and delta.The spectrum of disease caused by coronavirus in humans can range from simple colds to severe acute respiratory syndrome (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome, SARS). He underlined that this virus can cause clinical manifestations in humans and animals, with varying degrees of respiratory infection, intestinal infection, liver diseases and neurological disorders. Disease in adults and children with symptoms of upper respiratory tract infection such as fever, sore throat, cough, weakness, illness or drug use, mostly underlying immune system, diabetes, heart-lung disease, advanced age and others. can be severe, rarely lung infection, kidney failure.

Virus Can Be Transmitted By Droplet!

Like other respiratory infection viruses of the coronavirus, virus spreads to the environment such as coughing and sneezing; He said that if cough, sneezing, mouth and nose should be covered with handkerchief, it can also be transmitted through close contact with sick people, hands should be washed frequently, mouth with nose and eyes should not be touched with dirty hands. It is known to sell wild seafood illegally in the wholesale market and spread through droplets in health centers from person to person. Common symptoms of infection are respiratory symptoms, fever, cough, and weakness. In more serious cases, pneumonia, severe acute respiratory infection, kidney failure, and even death may develop. However, it cannot be commented on the severity of the disease based on the available data.

Travel Restriction Made To Countries With Virus Infection!

It is necessary to consume vegetables and fruits by washing them thoroughly. Those with underlying disease should definitely be consulted by consulting their doctors who are following their journey to the risky area. Contact with wild and domestic animals (live or dead) should be avoided and hand hygiene should be considered. Hands should be washed with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, and alcohol-based hand disinfectant should be used in the absence of soap and water. There is no special treatment or vaccine to provide permanent immunity.

Lung Diseases Cause Coronavirus To Be More Serious!

It is stated that COPD causing chronic respiratory failure is also a risk factor. In addition, asthma and other chronic lung diseases can cause the infection to progress more seriously.
By stating that the effects of Kovid-19 on the lung are variable, even in many people who have no symptoms and who survive the disease, some diseases related to the disease may occur even if there is a lung film or computer tomography. Sometimes this situation can be encountered without any serious symptoms.
It is emphasized that the symptoms and severity of the disease increase depending on the prevalence of pneumonia. Initially, the general symptom of the disease is high fever and then lung involvement, and cough complaints are seen, as the disease progresses, the severity of the cough increases and it may be possible to add shortness of breath to the patient, as the prevalence increases, the patient may experience difficulty in breathing during rest or even later.

Stating that the virus-induced damage to the liver causes inadequate blood supply of oxygen to the blood, which causes a low oxygen level in the blood of the patient, and when this drop reaches a critical point, the need for intensive care may occur. If the patient is taken into care, the oxygen level in the blood is increased to the levels that will sustain life.In some patients, unfortunately, the oxygen levels that will lead to life cannot be easily regained and the patient is lost. What is the factor here? Why are some patients not getting better? We do not know exactly this, there are some risk factors that we know today. Advanced age comes first among these risk factors. By advanced age, I mean 60 or even over the age of 65. The risk increases more with age. This is the conclusion we draw from the experiences obtained. In addition, other diseases of the heart and lungs, vascular diseases, which are present in patients, cause the disease to progress more severely and lung symptoms become more serious. We also know that hypertension, other heart diseases and diabetes are among these. When I look at lung diseases, I can say that COPD causing chronic respiratory failure is also a risk factor. In addition, severe asthma and other chronic lung diseases can cause a more severe course of coronavirus infection. For this reason, the most important point is that those with such chronic lung diseases take regular treatment of these underlying diseases while there is no coronavirus infection yet and ensure that their lungs are prepared for this infection at least as much as possible.

Chronic Diseases Increasing Coronavirus Risks and Recommendations for Protection from Coronavirus

Diabetes

Diabetes is generally in the form of type-2 (90%) and it is mostly seen over the age of 50. Especially uncontrolled diabetes negatively affects the immune system and prevents the body from fighting microbes. Therefore, diabetics are at risk in this outbreak due to both disease and ages. It is imperative that the Ministry of Health's Scientific Committee approach their proposals much more seriously.

Hypertension

The blood pressure is higher than normal and the drugs used for this reason do not suppress the body immune system, but as with diabetes, these patients are generally 50 years of age and over and are at higher risk than the general population.

High cholesterol level

The drugs used in high cholesterol level and treatment do not increase the risk. There is no additional risk apart from age.

Asthma and COPD patients

As it is known, this virus can be more lethal especially when it has a lung infection and affects people with chronic diseases in their lungs much more. Cortisone-style drugs used more frequently in asthma suppress the immune system and increase the risk of infection. If those with chronic lung disease such as asthma and COPD and therefore use cortisone, the risk increases exponentially.

Chronic Kidney and Liver Failure 

Patients with chronic kidney and liver failure, dialysis and cirrhosis are again the most risky group for this infection. These two conditions weaken the body's immune system and cause the virus to spread rapidly in the patient.

Cancer patients

As it is known, wherever the cancer is known, it is treated with treatments such as surgery, chemotherapy or radiotherapy, and these 3 treatments leave the body weak and make the patient open for all types of microbes. These patients are at the top of the most risky groups because their immune systems are weak. The risk is much higher in bone marrow-related cancers.Rheumatic patientsPerhaps one of the most risky groups is these patients. Because almost all drugs used in the treatment of rheumatism weaken the immune system and make patients vulnerable to virus infections such as corona.

What precautions should we take against coronavirus?

  • Let's not leave the house unless it is very compulsory.
  • Let's stay away from crowded environments.
  • Let's suspend visits between houses.
  • Let's wash our hands with soap when it comes to home and after contact with external environments.
  • Let's expand the use of cologne.
  • Let us take a break until the outbreak ends in our culture, such as shaking hands, kissing and embracing. If we are in the risky group, when we absolutely have to go out, let's wear a mask and change the masks frequently.
  • If we get sick, let's take ourselves to rest at home whether there is a corona or not, and make an effort not to spread the disease individually.If we have a flu infection and shortness of breath, burning in the chest, and bloody sputum, let's go to the nearest healthcare provider.Let's ventilate and clean our house and all the environments I live in frequently.
  • Let's pay utmost attention to hygiene conditions regarding the bathroom, toilet and kitchen utensils we use in common.In the presence of the disease, let's use a separate towel, plate, separate toilet and bathroom if possible.It will be more convenient for the individuals who are taken into custody at home with suspicion of the disease, to not take visitors for 14 days and to meet with the people at home to a minimum.
  • Let's not forget that if antiseptic solution is not available, bleach and many other cleaning materials, as well as cologs containing 70% alcohol or more, kill enough germs.People with complaints such as coughs and sneezes should then close their mouths and noses and wash their hands after nasal cleansing.It is especially important that we thoroughly wash and cook all our food. Because foods that are not fully washed and cooked are sources of disease.

How is the treatment of coronavirus infection?


Supportive therapy is applied only to patients whose diagnosis of coronavirus has been confirmed. A drug therapy specific to coronavirus is not yet available. Most people who are already infected have a mild illness and are completely cured.

Who is the risk group for new coronovirus infection?

Cough and / or shortness of breath and / or fever, and have been in close contact with someone with confirmed or suspected coronavirus infection in the past two weeks or in countries where the outbreak has been intense in the past two weeks (such as China, Iran, Italy, South Korea, Japan ) individuals are in a high risk group for coronavirus infection and should be evaluated as soon as possible.Meanwhile, every person suffering from high fever and cough may not have coronavirus infection. Upper respiratory tract infections such as seasonal influenza (influenza), pneumonia (pneumonia), sinusitis can also cause the same complaints. In order to make a differential diagnosis and to make a definitive diagnosis of coronavirus, the closest emergency department should be contacted in the presence of complaints related to the disease and the examinations deemed necessary under the physician's control should be performed.Those who are in countries such as China, South Korea where coronavirus is common or who are in the same environment with people who have been diagnosed with coronovirus are particularly at risk for transmission. A person infected with coronavirus may take time to show symptoms of the disease, and may have no complaints for 2 weeks. Similarly, the person who carries the coronavirus can infect the virus to others without getting sick, causing the disease to spread rapidly to many people.

Is there a vaccine to protect against coronavirus?

No. Also, having a flu vaccine does not protect against coronavirus.

How is coronavirus transmitted?Although the new coronavirus first appeared in wild animals and was transmitted to humans, the main spreading path is then transmitted from person to person via droplet.As far as is known, it is not transmitted from pets to humans.

Does wearing a mask protect from coronavirus?

The use of masks by non-coronavirus does not protect them from coronavirus; however, it can protect it from many other respiratory diseases.

General preventive measures against infection

* Hand hygiene: Washing your hands frequently and properly (at least half a minute, preferably for 1 minute) is the most important hygiene rule. Hands should be washed with soap and plenty of water, including the back of the hands and the inner part of the nails.Towels should be personal. Disposable paper towels are ideal or should be changed frequently if classic towels are used.In the event that there is no water or soap, cologne or hand disinfectants containing at least 60% alcohol can be carried in the form of sprays with 80 c spray.The coronavirus and many other infectious agents are transmitted by the droplets that are scattered from sick people through our mouth, nose and eyes (ie through the droplet) into our body. These droplets in the sick person can spread around a distance of up to one meter. In fact, these people can stick to the surfaces in their environment (door handle, elevator button, table, faucet, money, computer etc.) and the virus can maintain its vitality on these surfaces for a few days.The virus can be transmitted to you when you come into contact with the hand on the surfaces where the sick person is and contaminate the virus and then place your hand on your face (mouth, nose, or eye). Therefore, the most important way to protect yourself is to stay away from sick people, wash hands with soap and water (especially when you come home, before meals, after toilet) and to clean the environment with water and soap (or detergent).* Do not touch your face or the hands and face of others as much as possible, and if necessary, wash your hands before and after.* If you see someone coughing, sneezing, runny nose or fever, try to stay at least one meter away. If you live in the same house with this person, sit in a separate room as much as possible until you recover. Also take care of the hygiene of items such as towels, food, forks, spoons and glasses and not using them in common.* There is no evidence that coronavirus can be transmitted from pets (such as cats and dogs). Therefore, general hygiene principles apply for pets. Hands should be thoroughly washed with soap after touching the animals.* If you are sick, rest at home, wear a mask so that it does not infect other people. While coughing and sneezing, throw away a paper napkin and then wash your hands with soap.* Try to get adequate and hygienic nutrition. It is necessary to take plenty of fluids, to consume fresh-vegetable fruits, uncooked foods should be soaked in vinegar water for half an hour and then peeled and eaten.* Avoid crowd and people who cough or have a fever.* Masks should be used, especially in closed and crowded places.* Adequate and quality sleep should be paid attention.* Care should be taken to clean the environment, indoor environments should be ventilated to occur every day.* Sick people should avoid close contact.* If it is not necessary to travel to risky countries.* Information pollution in the internet and media or social environment should be avoided and the recommendations of your physician and competent people should be taken into consideration.* In case of cough, shortness of breath or fever, immediately contact the nearest emergency department and inform your doctor. Note that these complaints can have many causes other than coronavirus, and try to follow the physician's recommendations as best you can. Do not use antibiotics and do not insist on writing them unless the doctor recommends.

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