HPV Infection in Men
Genital warts within the scope of sexually transmitted warts HPV virus (Human papilloma virus) as a result of infection in both women and men developed as a result of the appearance of cauliflower, sometimes in a single region, a few decorated areas, sometimes as small as a head 1-2, sometimes a large number, sometimes 3-4 diameter can reach painless, partially hard masses. HPV infection is increasingly common in our country. It creates serious health problems in both men and women.
HPV (human papiloma virus) infection is the most common sexually transmitted infection. More than half of men and women who are sexually active become infected with this virus at some time in their lives. In the United States alone, 14 million new cases of HPV infection occur each year. This is because the virus usually manifests itself in women, there is a false belief that men are not infected or just carriers of this infection. In this article, you can find the results, symptoms, risk factors, diagnosis, treatment and prevention of HPV infections in men.
What is HPV?
"Human papillorna virus" is a type of virus that causes the formation of wart-shaped masses called condyloma(condyloma acuminatum), which causes infection in both male and female genital areas and mucosa of this region.Once HPV enters the body, it settles into cells and leads to periodic recurring infections.Although the HPV virus and its associated genital warts infection are a group of sexually transmitted diseases, it is known that they can be transmitted outside of sexual intercourse very rarely.
How is HPV transmitted?
The virus is transmitted through the skin and mucous membranes of the person's infected region, such as the penis or the female external genitalia, to the genitals of the individual or to areas such as the breech of the mouth.
HPV virus Infection in Men
The HPV virus, which causes cervical cancer, is also known to cause penis cancer in men.It is important to remember that men are usually carriers and therefore protection is just as important as women.Genital warts also pose significant risks for male patients and should be treated immediately if detected.
How does the HPV virus cause symptoms in men?
HPV incubation period after exposure is variable according to the type of incubation between 2 months and 6 years following, in the genital area in women or men, anusde the mouth, varying sizes and numbers of warts (genital warts, condyloma lesions) creates. In other words, some people receive the virus 2 months after the wart can be removed in some people this virus does not give any brlirti for years, for example 5 years after the genital wart may appear as. Oral sex can be transmitted to the mouth, as well as to the neighborhood or anal sex around the anus or into the condyloma genital wart lozions can be. It does not provide full protection in HPV.For this reason, warts may appear not only in the penis but also in the entire genital area.In fact, these warts can spread to the abdomen, groin and breech. In short, sexually transmitted diseases that protect the condom, HPV can not be a full protective.
According to studies by the American Cancer Society (ACS), approximately 2,120 people are diagnosed with penis cancer annually in the United States, and approximately 2,950 men are diagnosed with anal/breech cancer.
The risk of Anal cancer is about 17 times higher in gay and bisexual men than in men who have sex with women alone. Men with HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) are also at higher risk of getting this cancer.
In Western societies, in both men and women, more than half of head and neck cancers are associated with HPV (especially tongue Root and tonsil cancers).
There are more than 50 types of HPV. About 30 of them are associated with genital infections. These species can be low or high risk. There may not be any indication of the species being at low risk. High - risk ones can cause cellular changes in the penis and anus and penile, anal and oral (head and neck) cancers.
In most men with HPV, the infection does not lead to any complaints, so people do not realize they have the infection.
If you have an infection that does not pass, you may also have genital warts with the risk of cancer in the following areas:
Also polyps (e.g. laryngeal papillomas) in the mouth and throat region)
If you notice abnormal skin changes in these areas, see your doctor for further evaluation.
What increases the risk of transmission of HPV in men?
Polygamy is one of the reasons that facilitates the transmission of HPV.Starting sex at an early age and having an unsafe sexual relationship is one of the causes of cancer related to this type of HPV virus. The diagnosis of Genital warts can easily be made by an experienced physician with the eye.It is also possible to diagnose suspected warts and/or by taking a biopsy or swab to make a typification.
HPV is transmitted in both men and women through vaginal, anal, oral intercourse or contact between partners. Most people won't be aware that their partner carries this infection because they don't always have a symptom. Men have less incidence than women.
HPV can be transmitted to any man who has had sex with people who carry the virus, but the following conditions increase the risk of transmission and HPV-related diseases.
- uncircumcised men
- men with weak immune systems due to HIV or organ transplants
- men who have homosexual intercourse
What areas of HPV can cause cancer in men?
When HPV, which can cause penis cancer in men, is located around the anus, cancer can be found in the rectum, which is the last part of the anus and large intestine.In addition, HPV, especially through oral sex in men, adenoids, tonsils, tongue, larynx cancer, and in some cases can cause cancer of the esophagus.
How is HPV diagnosed in men?
Currently, there is no recommended test to detect HPV in men (in women, HPV-DNA is looked at in the sample taken with Pap-smear).
It is important to tell your doctor if there are signs or symptoms associated with HPV; such as any abnormal skin growth or changes in your penis, scrotal, anal or throat area. These may be early signs of cancer. For gay and bisexual men who have a high risk of anal cancer caused by HPV, anal Pap tests can be administered. In an Anal Pap test, the doctor collects the cells in the anus and then has them checked in the lab for abnormalities.
The diagnosis of genital warts in men is made by visually checking the genital area. Some doctors may apply a solution to help identify warts that cannot be seen. But the test is not conclusive. Sometimes normal skin is mistakenly described as a wart.
How is HPV virus infections treated in men?
There is currently no cure for HPV. Warts caused by HPV can be treated with dermatological approaches; polyps in the head and neck area can be treated with interferon, anti-viral drugs and surgical approaches. HPV-related cancers have a high chance of treatment, especially when diagnosed early. Early intervention is important, so you should see a doctor immediately if you are experiencing HPV-related signs and symptoms.
The best method for treating condyloma in men is cauterization.In men, cauterization is performed in order of options for condyloma treatment and evaporation is performed according to the doctor's option with laser.In addition to burning genital warts, there is an option to freeze, surgically remove and treat small warts by applying special creams.In men, the cauterization method is the most permanent method among the options of HPV treatment.
How can you reduce your risk of HPV?
One of the best ways to protect yourself against HPV is the HPV vaccine. Although you are advised to be vaccinated until age 12, you can still be vaccinated until age 26.
- HPV vaccine guidelines renewed! What is the HPV vaccine?
In older age, you can protect yourself as follows:
- Limiting the number of sexual partners, being monogamous
- Using condoms accurately and consistently
- Avoid sexual contact with a partner if you have genital warts
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