Showing posts with label Sleep apnea. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Sleep apnea. Show all posts

Wednesday, August 12, 2020

What's The Sleep Apnea?

Stopped Breathing During Sleep More Than 10 Seconds: Apnea

What's The Sleep Apnea?

Insomnia with sleep apnea sleep apnea in second place while most visible in the beginning it is not uncommon for it to cause.

Sleep apnea is a serious sleep disorder in which breathing stops abruptly during sleep. The frequency of common ailment in our country is between 5% and 10%. Sleep apnea stops breathing in his sleep but is not each that appears. In order to be able to call respiratory disorder sleep apnea, respiratory arrest must be at least 10 seconds. There are different subtypes of the disorder. What are the symptoms of sleep apnea? Sleep apnea is a condition in which a person's breathing stops during sleep. At the moment of drowning, the oxygen level in the blood drops, allowing the brain to wake up. The brain awakens the body to inform it that respiratory function has stopped.

What are the types of sleep apnea?

Sleep apnea is divided into 3 main subtypes::

1) Obstructive Sleep Apnea: it is the type that occurs due to factors leading to obstruction in the upper respiratory tract. This form is most commonly seen.

2) Central sleep apnea: it is the form that occurs when the brain does not send proper signals to the muscles that control breathing.

3) mixed sleep apnea: mixed sleep apnea syndrome, both obstructive and central sleep apnea occur together in the person. 

People with sleep apnea may wake up several times a night, people whose sleep is often interrupted can not remember the next day. This condition also causes a feeling of tiredness and weakness in the person during repeated periods of time.

While you were sleeping enough sleep during the day and tired of thinking cause sluggish browsing and shields people from sleep apnea should be investigated.

Causes Of Sleep Apnea

The cause of sleep apnea syndrome, according to the plant (central), obstructive (obstructive), and mixed type are seen where the two of them together under three different headings that can be evaluated. The brain and breathing sleep apnea breathing did not get the command-induced sleep disorder where the brain stops.
In obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, the upper respiratory tract is usually caused by enlarged tonsils, sagging soft palate, or narrowing due to weight.

Although obstructive sleep apnea syndrome is more common in men, it can also manifest itself during menopause in women. There are recurrent constrictions and closures in the airways due to various hormones, weight and anatomical factors.

Sleep apnea can cause breathing interruptions during sleep. Sleep apnea syndrome is more common in people who snore loudly, are overweight, have high blood pressure, or have a nose or throat disorder. Sleep apnea causes low levels of oxygen and high levels of carbon dioxide in the blood.
Starting from the inside of the nose and mouth extending into and narrows the air passages due to respiratory diseases in all cases of sleep apnea may be the cause.

Sleep apnea can be associated with high blood pressure and irregular heartbeat, heart attack and stroke, or daytime sleepiness. Sleep problems linked to sleep apnea usually due to other diseases may develop. Although the cause is unknown, sleep apnea, some conditions that can lead to;
  • Another sleep disorder-related ailments
  • Diseases related to upper respiratory tract
  • Drug use
  • Substance abuse
  • Being overweight
  • Enlarged adenoids

The causes of sleep apnea vary in obstructive and central form

Obstructive sleep apnea causes

  •       excess weight
  •       male gender
  •       a thick neck (the neck circumference is 43 centimeters above the risk is greater in men.)
  •       having narrow airways
  •       use of sleeping pills or tranquilizers
  •       alcohol and cigarette use
  •       blocked nose for various reasons
  •       hereditary susceptibility to obstructive sleep apnea

Causes of central sleep apnea

  •       brain infection called encephalitis
  •       cerebral palsy
  •       brain stem problems
  •       heart diseases
  •       using narcotic painkillers

What Are The Symptoms Of Sleep Apnea?

Sleep apnea is one of the most common symptoms of sleep apnea. Most people with this disease do not realize that their breathing stops during their sleep at night.

When the body stops breathing, the brain gives a wake-up command. People with sleep apnea may wake up many times during the night, but they may not notice it. 

Symptoms of sleep apnea:
  • Daytime insomnia
  • Headache
  • Irritability
  • Lack of concentration
  • Memory problems
  • Snore
  • Throat ache
  • Dry mouth
  • Hypertension
  • Heart rhythm disorder

Also headaches, forgetfulness, depression, wake up in the morning, vigorous and excessive daytime sleepiness and fatigue are among the observable symptoms of sleep apnea.

 The symptoms of sleep apnea are seen during the day but also can be encountered with many serious table. If the patient is obese, difficulty in losing weight, respiratory failure in lung patients, sexual aversion and impotence, uncontrollable diabetes can be cited as an example of these disadvantages. In addition, sleep apnea is constant fatigue and lack of concentration during the day, it will cause a person can lead to traffic and work accidents.

Diagnostic Methods

People who have long-term complaints with sleep need to see a doctor as soon as possible.

Your physician will first refer to your medical history and then perform a physical examination. Sleep apnea is the most common type of sleep apnea.

This test, which is performed by monitoring the patient's sleep with electrodes placed on the body in the Sleep Laboratory, is useful in determining the type of sleep apnea, as well as in determining the apnea.

According to the patient's request, polysomnography tests can also be performed at home with the approval of the physician. Electrodes attached to the body 1 hour before sleep can take recording for about 6 to 7 hours. 4 hours of sleep is enough to get results.

The number of apnea and hypoapnea is one of the most important factors in diagnosis. Sleep apnea is a condition in which breathing stops during sleep and hypoapnesi slows down. If the person has stopped breathing more than five times in an hour period, the person can be diagnosed with sleep apnea.

Sleep apnea test

Sleep apnea test is the most important stage in the process of detection and treatment of the disease. A sleep apnea test called "polysomnography" is a test in which brain activity and respiratory events are recorded all night long.

 The sleep apnea test is based on the measurement of brain waves, eye movements, airflow through the mouth and nose, snoring, heart rate, leg movements and oxygen levels during sleep. Sleep apnea patients to do a test to get a good night's sleep, your room must remain in. During the Test, signals received by cables connected to various points of the body are transferred to the computer outside the room. By examination of the records received till the morning, stopped breathing several times during sleep, how long it stops, when it stops, how they are influenced by the values and heart rate oxygen and bust into a deep sleep and no where as many parameters can be considered.

A diagnosis of sleep apnea

To diagnose the disease, your doctor first questions your complaints in detail. After that, he does a general examination and an otolaryngologist. The upper airways are examined by means of a bulcable cannula with a camera at the tip called flexibl emdoscopy. Radiological examinations such as MRI and CT show airways and constrictions are evaluated.

If necessary, the patient is admitted to the Sleep Center to undergo a more detailed evaluation. A sleep analysis test called polysomnography is essential to make a definitive diagnosis of the disease. This test measures the duration and number of breathing stops. In addition, it can also give information such as heart rhythm, blood oxygen percentage, severity of snoring sound.

Treatment of Apnea

Sleep apnea is a serious sleep disorder that needs to be treated. Treatment varies according to the type of apnea, the depth of the apnea and the characteristics of the person's respiratory tract.
An “air machine” called CPAP is one of these treatment methods. The mask attached to this device attaches to the patient and transmits it to the patient in pressurized air determined by the doctor.
The device is used during the night and compressed air prevents closure of the airways. In this way, the patient does not experience problems such as breathing stops in his sleep and the sleep pattern still comes with better quality.

People with sleep apnea are also advised to make changes in their lifestyle. Reduce snoring and sleep apnea to improve your symptoms, their changes in the lifestyle of people is extremely important.

Snoring or sleep apnea syndrome people who first quit smoking and alcohol, to control their weight, to do regular sports, just before sleep, do not eat heavy meals, sleep in the side position, such as simple but provides suggestions that make their lives easier.

In some patients, a special apparatus is prepared by the dentist to open the airway by pushing the lower jaw forward.

Finally, in the case of the negative outcome of the above treatment options sleep apnea syndrome, or the structures of the throat (adenoids, uvula) the air path is blocked during sleep when the tissues of the throat narrowing the airway to reduce an operation that can be completely eliminated or can be planned.

Sleep apnea treatments are listed as lifestyle changes, surgical treatments and positive air pressure according to the level of the disease. First of all, it is essential to get rid of excess weight. Smoking and alcohol use should be avoided.

Advanced strictures in the upper respiratory tract may require surgical treatment. Sleep apnea is the most common type of sleep apnea. These devices prevent sleep apnea by keeping the upper airways open continuously during sleep. The device is used through a silicone air mask. Thus, the treatment of snoring is provided.

If you wake up in the middle of the night panting and feel like you've been left stuffy. If you've been feeling tired for a long time. If your partner says that you snore loudly every night and that your breathing stops during your sleep, you can contact a health care provider and ask to be evaluated for sleep apnea.

In the treatment of severe sleep apnea positive air pressure (CPAP) therapy should be administered. The patient should be monitored by adjusting the automatic settings according to the treatment effect and the patient's preference or by switching to a fixed pressure device. In cases that have difficulty using CPAP device or in mild cases, the lower jaw with the intra-oral apparatus may be put forward and the tongue may fall backwards and obstruct the upper respiratory tract.

 The original treatment of sleep apnea, a device that delivers continuous air pressure into the airway to keep it open with the use of is provided. Pap (positive airway pressure) devices for sleep apnea by keeping the upper airway open during sleep and prevents. These devices, which provide compressed air with a silicone mask that sits firmly on the face during the night, may initially seem uncomfortable for the patient. However, patients who wake up rested and sleepy in the morning can easily accept the device. A second night of sleep is needed to determine which device is suitable for the patient and to see if the apnea is absent or reduced to a minimum number.  The quality of the patients increases again after sleep apnea treatment with the device.

How Is Sleep Apnea Prevented?

Sleep apnea can be prevented by simple considerations. The most important of the modifiable risk factors for the disease is obesity. Sleep apnea can be reduced by 50% by losing weight. In addition, avoiding alcohol and sleeping pills, quitting smoking and not lying on your back also reduces discomfort. Reduce snoring and nasal sprays or elastic bands which provides the aperture for the treatment of sleep apnea may not be sufficient.

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