Showing posts with label cervical cancer. Show all posts
Showing posts with label cervical cancer. Show all posts

Friday, October 2, 2020

What Is A Wound In The Cervix? (Servical Erosion) How Is It Treated?

cervicitis often develops due to infection and can be defined as inflammation of the cervical tissue. It can also occur after irritation or trauma and is commonly manifested by vaginal discharge. Treatment can be done with simple surgical interventions, and after a short recovery period, it is possible for the patient to return to his daily life. We can state that all women with active sex lives are suitable candidates for this ailment.

Cervical Erosion

Is There Really A Wound In The Cervical Mouth?

Wound in the cervix, which is common in the society, is among the problems frequently encountered by gynecologists and obstetricians. What is called "wound" among the people is actually the formation of a red and rough appearance in this area. The squamous epithelial cells of the vagina change due to various reasons such as irritation, trauma or infection, and this change causes a rough surface appearance in the cervix. Sometimes, the cervix can be bloody and velvety.

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Why Does Cervical Wound (Cervicitis) Occur?

It is still not known exactly which factors cause scar formation in the cervix. However, it should be noted that infection is an extremely active factor. This problem often arises as a result of infections that develop in the cervical region due to various factors. Generally, 3 microorganisms can cause cervicitis. These;

  • Chlamydia
  • Gonorrhea
  • Trichomonas

However, we can state that frequent sexual intercourse is among the causes of cervicitis. The hormonal changes in the body can also lead to such a result. In recent years, it has been understood that some chemical factors also cause scar formation in the cervix. This discomfort can occur in women, especially due to the chemical substances on the condom. As a result of the allergic reactions of the body to some substances, sores can occur in the cervix area.


What Symptoms Does Cervical Sore Cause?

What Symptoms Does Cervical Sore Cause

First of all, it should be noted that the symptoms of the wound in the cervix do not have specific features. Since symptoms that can occur in many different conditions are observed, it can only cause discharge in the patient. Because it does not cause a different complaint, it is sometimes diagnosed during routine control examinations.

Because discharge is not a symptom that patients take too seriously. Since the discharge that occurs after the menstrual period is often not considered as a disease precursor, patients do not need to consult a doctor. This situation turns into an important obstacle to early diagnosis in many diseases. However, vaginal discharge is the most important symptom of cervicitis.

Although there are no symptoms in mild cases, we can list the symptoms of cervicitis in general as follows:

  • Bleeding during or after sexual intercourse if the wound is large
  • Bleeding in the form of spotting outside the menstrual period
  • A burning sensation during urination
  • Itching in the vaginal area

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Who Is The Cervical Wound More Common?

Wound in the cervix, which can be seen at any age, can also occur due to genetic factors. A wound is expected in women with a wound on their mother. Especially in young girls who have never had intercourse, the presence of wounds suggests genetic factors. It can be mentioned that it is more common in women who have frequent vaginal infections or have more than one delivery. This problem may occur more commonly in women with cervical irritation for various reasons and women who have frequent sexual intercourse.

The use of birth control pills, on the other hand, can cause the cells that make secretion in the cervical canal to proliferate and increase the risk of wound formation in the cervix, even indirectly. We can state that this disorder is more common in women who use contraceptive pills or have spirals.


How To Treat Wounds In The Cervical Mouth? How Long Does It Take To Heal?

Burning the problematic area with electrocautery or freezing with cryotherapy are minor surgical methods used in the treatment of wounds in the cervix. Let us state that the healing time can vary depending on which treatment is applied and the size of the wound in the cervix. 

The most common treatment protocol is obtaining heat with a pen-like device and burning this area with heat. This treatment is the oldest treatment method and there may be very mild pain during the procedure. However, the patient can return to his life immediately after the procedure.

After the wound treatment in the cervix, which is applied by burning the wound with a cautery device, the complaint of discharge can continue for up to 15 days and this is medically quite normal. Slight burning may continue for a while. It takes 10 to 15 days for the tissues to fully heal, and sexual intercourse should not be made during this period. Because sexual intercourse can cause the wound to recur.

With cryotherapy, recovery occurs faster in the freezing process. The procedure takes about 5 minutes and the patient can return to his daily life immediately. After the cervical wound treatment applied with this method, only a mild groin pain can be experienced. It should be underlined that the probability of recurrence after this job is also lower.


Does The Cervical Wound Go On Itself?

Does The Cervical Wound Go On Itself

If it is a simple irritant substance that causes wound formation in the cervix, the problem may disappear if this substance is not used. In a sense, we can say that this ailment does not always require treatment. However, the smear test must be done beforehand and the test result must be evaluated by the gynecologist and obstetrician.

If the patient has an infection and the development of cervicitis is observed due to the infection, it will be beneficial to apply the treatment procedure. In addition, in case of wound in the cervix, the factor that causes the wound may need to be eliminated and it may be waited for a while. If there are no signs of improvement during this period, the appropriate treatment option may be preferred.

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What Happens If Uterine Wound Is Not Treated?

In case of a wound in the cervix, you should definitely consult with the gynecologist and obstetrician and be examined. If the wound condition is of a size that requires treatment and is not treated, it can become chronic in a short time. At the same time, the wound can deepen and spread over a wider area. In this case, the patient's complaints will also increase and the quality of daily life will be negatively affected by these complaints.

You should also know that the treatment may take longer and may be more difficult in the future. We can say that untreated cervical wounds cause infertility, premature birth, miscarriage and even cervical cancer. If it is not treated, changes occur in the flora of the vagina due to frequent discharge and vaginal inflammation occurs.


Does Cervical Wound Cause Cancer?

First of all, we need to mention that cervical wound and cervical cancer are very different conditions. Wound in the cervix does not necessarily mean that the patient will have cervical cancer. But not treating the wound can significantly increase the risk of cancer. It is also important whether cervicitis is ulcerated or not. In the case of an ulcerating wound, it is necessary to scan for the presence of the HPV virus immediately.

Because this virus progresses and spreads very quickly in the area with wound formation. It should not be forgotten that HPV virus alone is the cause of cervical cancer. As a result, although cervicitis is not a single cause of cancer, it is a condition that is indirectly related to cervical cancer.

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Tuesday, September 15, 2020

What is HPV Virus? How Is It Treated?

HPV virus infection is a dangerous disease that encountered in women and men has been proven to cause cancer. HPV, which is the abbreviation of human papilloma virus, causes the formation of cervical warts. For this reason, it is among the most common causes of cervical cancer and uterine cancer.

HPV virus, which mostly forms on the skin surface and the mucosa covering the inner parts of the genital areas such as the uterus, creates an infection by destroying the skin covering layers called "multilayer squamous epithelium". HPV virus types have a large family of virus types. HPV, which is among the sexually transmitted diseases, has the risk of transmission in contact with the area where the warts are. For example, a hand wart can be transmitted to the opposite side by shaking hands.

What is HPV Virus How Is It Treated

What are the symptoms of genital warts?

Warts, which are flat or puffy on the skin, sometimes in the form of blisters filled with water and sometimes in pink and brown tones, are generally measured in millimeters, although in some people the sizes of warts can reach up to a few centimeters. Warts, which are seen in immunosuppressive people and diabetic patients due to various reasons, are mostly seen in larger and overlapping forms than their derivatives.

While the number and size of warts may regress in some people, sometimes an increase can be seen. Most of the time, genital warts do not cause symptoms, but complaints of bleeding and itching can be seen in some patients. In women, depending on the warts that occur in the internal genital area, it may manifest as bleeding during or after sexual intercourse and during pregnancy.

Most warts in the external genital area are visible and itchy. Genital warts in men can be seen in the penis, groin, testicle and rectal area. Although genital warts in men are at a low rate, they sometimes occur around the urinary tract and anus, and in this case, it gives symptoms with difficulty in urinating in men.

Warts may appear many years after infection and HPV can progress without any symptoms or disappear without appearing, while HPV lurks quietly. This is because the immune system destroys the virus. Not every virus has to be warts.

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What are the types of the virus?

What are the types of the virus

It is known that 30 to 40 types of the virus, known as Human Papilloma Virus Infection, with over 170 different types, are anogenital. This means that 30-40 types of virus cause infection by destroying the surface of the external genital organs and around the anus and anus.

Does it cause cancer?

Cancer-causing high risk groups for Human papilloma virus with over 170 different subtypes 16, 18, 31, 33, 35, 39, 45, 51, 52, 56, 58, 59, 68, 73, 82 and 68 While the lower types are known as 6, 11, 40, 42, 43, 44, 54, 61, 70, 72 and 81.

While the HPV virus is held responsible for all of the causes of cervical cancers, HPV infection is held responsible for head and neck cancers, penile cancer, vulva cancer, vaginal cancer and anal cancer. HPV virus, which is more common in these areas of sexual contact, plays little or a role in the development of cancer.

It is known that HPV Type 16 is responsible for 50% of cervical cancers and 15-20% of HPV Type 18. Human Papilloma Virus Infection, which is the most common cause of diseases such as genital warts and cervical warts, also causes serious health problems, especially cancer. When the causes of genital warts are investigated, type 6 and 11 infections, which are low-risk virus types, play a role in 90% of the patients.

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How is HPV transmitted?

Genital warts have a high potential for infection. Genital warts are mostly transmitted by oral, rectal and vaginal sexual contact. The transmission rate between partners is about 60%. Due to the high contamination rate, the lifelong genital warts in sexually active individuals has approached 50%.

  • Risks in HPV transmission;
  • Starting sexual intercourse at an early age
  • Having multiple sexual partners
  • Having unprotected sex
  • A history of sexually transmitted infections
  • Low immune system

How is HPV virus treated?

How is HPV virus treated

There is no cure for the HPV virus. However, infection can often be eliminated by the person's own immune system. When cancer development is examined, it is observed that a cell leaves its natural cycle and divides as an abnormal. In the formation of cervical cancer, this abnormal division passes through some intermediate steps and cancer develops.

With advanced tests such as the smear test, a biopsy is taken from the cervix, and as a result of the test, some types of cancer that are likely to turn into cancer can be detected after years. Although HPV is not a curable virus, cancer formation can be prevented or minimized by treating the pre-cancerous findings caused by HPV.

In diseases such as cervical cancer screening or uterine cancer screening, we can easily detect abnormalities that we encounter as a result of the test in diseases that we see the great benefits of early diagnosis, and treatment can be started as quickly as possible. Cervical warts, genital warts are among the most well-known signs of virus-induced infection. Genital warts can be treated with medication or simple or surgical interventions.

What symptoms does HPV virus give in men and women?

Both genital warts in men and genital warts in women are easily detectable lesions. Genital warts that can be seen in the scrotum area, also called the penis and scrotum in men; In women, although the external genital areas called the vulva occur frequently, warts may appear on the throat, around the mouth and around the anus on the lips.

Low-risk HPV types, which manifest themselves with genital warts, give symptoms very easily, although the types of viruses mentioned above are directly related to cancer, they often do not show symptoms and can only be detected by screening tests. Therefore, the importance of early diagnosis in cancer is too much to be valued.

How to understand the HPV virus in men?

There is no known diagnosis to diagnose HPV in men.

What should be done to prevent HPV?

HPV vaccine is the most effective and important step of prevention. At the same time, circumcision and using condoms reduce the risk of virus transmission.

What is the HPV vaccine?

HPV vaccine has 3 different types and each vaccine is approved by the FDA. Approval for the vaccine has been obtained for children and adults aged 9-26. At the same time, women between the ages of 24-45 who have not been diagnosed with HPV before are vaccinated. Intramuscular vaccine HPV vaccine has a protective effect against warts and cancer development depending on the HPV types it contains. Vaccines should be administered intramuscularly at 0, 1 or 2 and 6 months.

Private Office:
İncirli Cad. No:41, Kat:4 Bakırköy - ISTANBUL (Dilek Pastanesi Üstü)
Phone: +902125428785
Mobile: +905323253008