The precautions to be taken and general treatment principles in case of dryness in the nose can be summarized as follows. There are a variety of symptoms that can indicate an extremely dry nose. Nasal functions such as sniffing and cleaning air before it enters the body may be impaired. The skin in the nasal passage can crack due to aching cracks. There may be blistering of the skin and mucus inside and outside the nose. This can lead to bacterial infections that can make your crusting symptoms worse. An extremely dry nose can sometimes be caused by a side effect of a drug such as an antihistamine. While effective for a runny nose, antihistamine sprays and medications often contain atropine, and atropine can dry the nasal passage. Environmental factors such as temperature and lack of moisture can contribute to dry nose.
What Are The Factors That Cause Dry Nose?
Environmental factors; Dry nose occurs due to the decrease in humidity at air temperature. In addition, hot and humid environments can cause nasal dryness.
Taking antihistamine group drugs is also among the causes of dryness.
Nasal inflammation (rhinitis) is a runny nose disease, but sometimes it can cause nasal dryness.
Some bacteria and germs can cause dry nose.
Nasal sprays given for nasal discharge can also cause dryness in long-term use.
Consumption of water below the required amount can cause dry mouth as well as dry nose.
Sjögren's syndrome is the cause of dryness in that the disease is caused by the drying of the mucosa. It causes dryness in the moist areas of the body, eyes and nose.
Hormone changes can cause nasal dryness, especially during menopause. Dryness may occur in the mouth, nose, vagina and eyes.
High blood pressure disease can also cause a dry nose accompanying bleeding.
Avoiding dry, very hot or very cold, air-conditioned air conditions that may cause nasal dryness or bringing the humidity level of the ambient air to normal with cold steam machines or other humidifiers.
Treatment for Nasal Mucosa
Nasal lavage with saline water (use of sinus rinse, ocean water or home-made saline), drops, sprays or ointments containing petroleum jelly, panthenol, vitamins A and E, as well as ointments containing ocean salt and glycerin derivative, make the nasal mucosa Prevention of moisture loss, regeneration of the mucosa and increasing ciliary movements can be achieved.
In the photo above, there is a dry and crusty appearance on the mucosa that results from the insertion of paper towels into the nose.
In the photo above, due to the habit of mixing nose with fingers, irritation and dryness of the mucous membrane on the protruding area with septum deviation draws attention.
Regulation of Nutrition
Increasing oral fluid intake is very important for the moisture balance in the nasal mucosa. Drinking at least 7-9 glasses of water or fruit juice a day, especially fruits and vegetables with high water content, will be beneficial for moisturizing the mucous membranes.
Apart from these, as excessive use of alcohol, coffee and salt may cause the mucous membranes to dry, reducing their use will also be beneficial.
Stopping Medications That Can Cause Dry Nose
There are many medications (such as allergy medications) that can cause nasal rinsing. Discontinuation of these drugs - in consultation with the doctor - will also be useful in the treatment of nasal dryness.
Murat Enoz, MD, Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgeon - ENT Doctor in Istanbul
Address: İncirli Cad. No:41, Kat:4 (Dilek Patisserie Building), Postal code: 34147, Bakırköy - İstanbul
Appointment Phone: +90 212 561 00 52
Mobile phone: +90 0533 6550199
Mobile phone: +90 0533 6550199
Fax: +90 212 542 74 47